Student Learning Outcomes Upon completion of this course, students will be able to: 1. explain behavior of chemical and biological systems using the laws of thermodynamics. 2. apply concepts of chemical equilibrium and kinetics in chemistry and biology. 3. explain and apply the basics of quantum mechanics and quantum chemistry to atomic and molecular systems. 4. interpret simple microwave, IR, UV-Vis, EPR, and NMR spectroscopic data. 5. explain the mechanisms of photochemical and photobiological reactions.